Hijab, burqa, niqab, chador: Muslim women’s traditional clothing you should know about


Photo source: Instagram / Sankhan21

Traditional Muslim women’s clothing – hijab, niqab, chador and burqa

The hijab controversy in Karnataka has now become a political issue. Along with this, people’s curiosity about ‘hijab’ has also increased, what is it and how is it different from niqab and burqa. For the uninitiated, the hijab is a traditional garment worn by women of the Muslim faith, but in many parts of the world, the hijab is replaced by a burqa and niqab.

Let’s find out what is hijab and how it differs from niqab and burqa.


From the point of view of traditional dress, a hijab is a scarf that Muslim women cover their heads and necks. Most of the girls in the world have to work, study and play sports, they give more importance to hijab. In fact, the hijab keeps the eyes, mouth and forehead open, which gives freedom of speech and action. In most Muslim countries of the world, hijab is preferred by the younger generation. The hijab kurta can be worn with salwar as well as skirts, jeans or other modern attire.


The burqa is a garment covering the body from top to bottom. In many states of India, women use it when leaving home. It is often divided into two parts. A burqa comes in hand, it keeps the eyes open. The second burqa covers the head and face and goes to the feet like a kurta or gown. It is also called abaya. It is covered with a separate sheet to cover the head, which also covers the face. In these two, the eye part is kept open so that it can be seen.


Wearing a niqab involves only covering the head and face. The eyes are open. It does not cover the whole body of a woman like Abaya.


The sheet is a full-body garment. Sometimes a cap is attached to the sheet and a net is attached to cover the eyes. It is wrapped around the head and it is wrapped around the body like a shawl. Older women who are unable to wear the burqa are wearing sheets.


Shaila is a long scarf wrapped around her head. It may or may not be pinned around the head.


Frame the face when wearing it. A snag, elastic base cap can be used to cover the hair before wearing the hijab. Since it is already designed to frame a person’s face, all a woman has to do is wear it over her head.


It is cape-like and covers the head, neck and shoulders. Like al-Amira, it also frames the face, but instead of dropping a few inches below the shoulder, the khmer also covers a woman’s arm and most of her torso.

Various laws regarding niqab and hijab

Although there is a controversy over hijab in an educational institution in Karnataka, many Muslim and European countries have enacted laws to prevent controversy. In Saudi Arabia, women are forced to leave their homes wearing hijabs and burqas. Hijab is compulsory in Iran. There is no law on hijab in Pakistan, but most of the women there prefer to wear burqa, niqab and hijab. Although Indonesia is a Muslim-majority country, women have the right to decide whether to wear the hijab or the niqab. On the other hand, if we talk about European and non-Muslim countries, the niqab burqa is banned in many countries.

Burqas and niqabs are completely banned in public places in France and Denmark. Wearing masks in public places is also banned in China. In Germany, government officials, employees, judges and soldiers are not allowed to wear the niqab and burqa. In the Netherlands, burqas and niqabs are prohibited in airports, cinema halls, schools and other government institutions where identification is required. Hijab and niqab are also banned in Italy. In Belgium and Sri Lanka it is forbidden to cover one’s face completely.



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