Menstrual health includes the physical, social, and emotional aspects associated with menstruation. In India, women’s health has been given secondary importance due to male dominated society, illiteracy, low socio-economic status and ignorance. The most common causes of menstrual problems are PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), and abnormal or heavy menstrual bleeding. Menstruation or menstruation is associated with many social and cultural restrictions in India. Many young girls and women do not have the privilege of managing their menstrual cycle in a healthy way while maintaining their privacy, dignity and gender equality at home, at school and at work.
So, what is a normal period? A normal menstrual period lasts 2-7 days and comes in between 21-35 days. The amount of actual menstrual flow is difficult to determine. In general, the use of three to four XL or regular size sanitary pads per day (since these need to be changed every six to eight hours) may be considered normal on average, but may vary from person to person.
Common menstrual problems
1. Menstrual hygiene
2. Menstrual flow
3. Menstrual cycle
4. Menstrual hormones
Menstrual Hygiene Problems: Using unhygienic sanitary pads or clothes can lead to genital infections, anemia, and urinary tract infections. This can be prevented through social awareness and the availability of affordable sanitary products. It is also important to have proper knowledge about menstrual hygiene to avoid such problems.
Menstrual flow problems: During periods one may feel excessive or short flow. Generally, heavy menstrual flow can last for 1-2 days but if it continues for more than 5-7 days then it can lead to low hemoglobin and anemia. It must be investigated and treated with oral iron replacement therapy. Hormonal imbalances can lead to low flow or changes in flow year after year. This is most likely to happen after the family is finished at the perimenopausal age.
Menstrual cycle problems: Irregular periods, abstinence for more than six months (also known as secondary amenorrhea) and bleeding during periods (also called intermenstrual bleeding) are some of the problems. The most common causes are polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), stress, anxiety and depression. A diagnosis needs to be made in the form of pelvic sonography and hormonal examination. Regular exercise, a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle changes are important.
Menstrual Hormone Problems: This usually leads to psychomotor problems. These can be symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) at any age or peri / postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms after age 45. Swelling, breast tenderness, nausea and depression that occur before menstruation and disappear as soon as the period begins. If they affect everyday family life, it needs to be treated.
Every woman experiences menopausal symptoms of varying severity, usually starting 4-5 years before menopause. Night sweats, hot flashes, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, joint and muscle pain, loss of interest in intercourse and weight gain are common symptoms of menopause due to a lack of the hormone estrogen.
No matter what kind of menstrual problems you may have, it is always advisable to see a gynecologist who will be able to diagnose all your questions once the correct diagnosis has been made.
Nua, a new-age brand that transforms women’s wellness space in India with holistic and personalized solutions that solve real problems for women in managing their menstrual health and personal hygiene, provides an innovative range of products and services, including India’s first customizable pack. Sanitary pads and self-heating monthly cramp patches, also available on a subscription basis.